May Day has a long history. It is born from a series of working-class struggles after the industrial revolution. The workers are forced to work up to 16 hours a day. In some places, there are people who must work up to 19 hours a day in factories. On May 1, 1886, a number of Trade Unions in the United States held a large-scale demonstration to demand the implementation of 8 hours of work every day and a decent increase in wages. This action happened simultaneously throughout the country. No less than 100,000 workers took part in the mass strike. This action lasts for days. On May 4th, at Haymarket Square in Chicago, a number of activists were still taking turns giving speeches. Initially, there were 3,000 people there. However, along with heavy rain, at 22:00 only hundreds of workers remained. Meanwhile, before we continue, perhaps you need to check out the best labour day wishes as well.
Then around 180 police officers came to the location where the workers gathered. The atmosphere was heating up. Activists try to explain that they are carrying out peaceful actions. However, the police insisted on dissolving them. “In the name of the law, I ask that you disband,” said Police Inspector John Bonfield, pointing to the crowd. “That’s when a bomb suddenly exploded near the police line. 67 officers were injured in the attack. Seven police were killed. Officers started shooting at demonstrators. Injuring 200 people and killing several people,” TIME magazine described the incident.
The bomb was later known to be an improvised bomb made from dynamite and filled with sharp metal pieces. As soon as it exploded, pieces of metal immediately flew killing several police officers. This was responded to by a barrage of shots at the crowd. Then four people were killed from the ranks of the workers. No fewer than 100 people were detained. It is not clear who threw the grenade at the police. The event in Chicago was later known as the Haymarket Incident or the Haymarket Riot.
The International Socialist Conference in 1889 then established massive demonstrations in the US and Canada as well as Haymarket incidents as momentum for the struggle of the workers. The beginning of the action on May 1, 1886, was designated as International Labor Day.