The Cause of Melasma and Its Risk Factors

Although it can happen to anyone, there are more risk factors or trends for a person can be exposed to melasma if viewed from several aspects. To help you treat melasma, you can visit our website and get DermClear.

– Gender (female). As has been mentioned earlier that Melasma more often appears on the skin of women than men. Only about 10 percent of men experience melasma.

– Race. People with darker skins such as Latin, African, Afro-American, Indian, Middle Eastern, and the Mediterranean are affected more frequently than people with bright skin.

– Family History. A person with a family history of melasma is also more at risk

So, what causes it? Unfortunately, the exact cause of melasma is not known clearly. But there are some allegations that this is influenced by hormones, stress, and sun exposure.

– Hormonal influences are known to have an important role because based on some studies of one’s sensitivity to estrogen and progesterone are known to be closely related. It can be seen that those taking birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormonal therapy are more likely to experience melasma.

– Stress and thyroid disease is also said to trigger the occurrence of melasma.

– Exposure to sunlight can also be a cause because ultraviolet radiation rays increase the production of melanin pigment by melanocyte cells. It is this melanin pigment that gives a dark color to melasma.

To diagnose melasma is actually enough with a visual examination of the exposed area. However, to rule out other possible causes, doctors sometimes also suggest some checks, for example by examination using a Wood lamp. This examination uses a special light applied to the skin. With this test, the doctor can check for infection and also differentiate how much melasma effect on the skin layers. To check for more serious skin diseases, the doctor will suggest a biopsy examination by taking a little tissue from the problematic skin for examination.